The Lands of the Pentuuk Society
524: Founding of the Manuuwam (New Opportunities) Company, a joint venture by the Massos and Codrol authorities and leading regional corporations dedicated to the 'exploration and exploitation of the continent of Ewlah'. In the same orbit, a pioneer team is sent to the Paragame Isles and Dhounaelhuu Manan to begin cultivation work.
527: Several leading multi-regional companies (principally operating in Milys, Brhul Keng and Kumby) come together to form the Swaath'he Company - an acronym of their founders' names – with the express purpose of opening up Ewlah for commercial exploitation in direct competition to the Manuuwam Company. Their attempts to join with the Tells authority's evacuation work is strongly rebuffed; by 530 company pioneers start cultivation work on the Dhounaelhuu File-Guun. Over the following decades other companies are formed for similar purposes, but none can compete with Manuuwam and Swaath'he, and most are quickly bought out by them.
532: The first settlement in Paragame is opened for business by the Manuuwame Company. The cost of a place in the settlement is expensive. The settlement almost fails in its second orbit of existence – a considerable setback for the government-backed company.
542: The first settlement established by the Swaath'he Company – Filegede Plantation – opens for business. This plantation is far larger than the competition's efforts, the places cheaper, the transportation and settlement of families more organised and stability of the cultivation more secure.
549: The Manuuwame Company finally opens its Man Plantation for business. With the hardships being experienced across Cheidrah, the idea of migrating to a "semi-tropical paradise" quickly catches the public's imagination. The company has learned from the competition, offering competitive prices for transportation and settlement packages. Separate tariffs are offered for different classes of service.
553: The Swaath'he Company offers steeply discounted places for those willing to become pioneers in several new proposed plantations. The costs include basic training and transport in return for a 15 orbit indenturement with basic social provisions. The Manuuwame Company introduces a similar package deal in 555.
560s: New settlements around Jawuu Horon, Jawuu Brenken and Dhounaelhuu Sete-Rhuun become established.
564: The Swaath'he Company announces its intention to establish an inland plantation in the Falamyal hills. The first settlement in the planned plantation is successfully established and opened for business in just three orbits.
568: The Manuuwame Company collapses, leading to its buyout by the Swaath'he Company. Now there's only one major company operating in western Ewlah. To mark this final consolidation, Swaath'he changes its name to "The Penin Ewlah Corporation" – more commonly known as PEC, or just 'The Corporation'.
575: Commercial emigration continues, with the establishment of three new inland plantations by PEC: Zhivanhe; Konthe; and Setente.
591: An outbreak of plague in the city of Geldange, and the PEC's response, bring native-born people's criticisms of the Corporation to a head. A movement grows, particularly in the northern plantations, for more decentralisation of power to the settlements.
593: Open conflict between PEC and dissenters breaks out in Fasine Plantation, and quickly spreads to the Man Plantations. The rebellion is put down ruthlessly. Many die.
605: The first Native Pioneer's Club (NPC) is established, in Zhivanhe Plantation
622: The Zhivanhe NPC organises a clandestine operation to start work on establishing a new plantation upriver, beyond the Pisyuu Zhivizhuu, which eventually becomes the Nambe Plantation
632: A second clandestine operation – this time by the Man NPC – begins work to establish the Ame Plantation in Cuskuu Gelpizhuu
648: The PEC takes action against the new NPC Plantations, precipitating the outbreak of the Penin Civil War
651: PEC forces destroy the Ame Plantation; survivors flee north up the Banamuu river, where they discover the Banele Oasis – a haven of Type Two lifeforms. Here they take refuge and regroup.
652: NPC forces defeat a much larger PEC army at the Battle of Ofale (fought just south of the Nambe Plantation). Following the defeat, the Nambe NPC declares its political independence from the Corporation.
654: The defeat at Ofale brings unrest in a number of PEC controlled plantations and settlements. During this time dissidents in the southern plantations of Filegede, Trhaste and Falamyale come together to start work on establishing a free plantation in the Nausuu Shenguun.
660: A coup by the Corporation's Security Executive brings an end to civilian rule in many parts of PEC controlled Penin
664: Marshal Horhe becomes supreme commander of the Corporation, instigating 53 orbits of dictatorship
670: PEC forces defeat the Nambe NPC; many of the dissidents survive, however, and manage to escape to newly established plantations along the Naspomuu and Bazoluu rivers.
676: PEC forces invade and take over the independent settlements in the Nausuu Shenguun. Again, many dissidents manage to escape to new settlements prepared specifically for such an event – the Gane Plantation in the far north of the valley and the Zhijike Plantation in the foothills of Zoiznuu Zhijizhuu. Historians view this as the last significant action in the Penin Civil War, with most of the territory under the control of the Dictatorship. For the next 40 orbits, the various NPC factions manage to survive an often precarious existence on the margins of PEC territory, though no overt action is taken by the Dictatorship against them. Instead, the Dictatorship spends most of its time developing a "police state" within its territory.
690: Rhegeeyone Plantation, to the northeast of Nambe Plantation, fails – possibly due to sabotage; this event becomes immortalised in one of the great poems of the Pentuuk Society
717: Death of the Penin Dictator, Horhe, succeeded by his nephew Horhe the Younger.
723: Assassination of Horhe the Younger, which leads to the start of the Wars of the Penin Succession
726: After a series of inconclusive battles, the three warring factions of the former Dictatorship manage to conclude a ceasefire, dividing the PEC territory into three separate zones: north; central; and south
730: Advancing south from their refuge in Banele Plantation, NPC forces manage to drive the central PEC forces out of the Cuskuu Gelpizhuu, leading to the establishment in 732 of the independent Land of Gelpe.
738: A virulent form of meningitis strikes in the Man Plantations, killing over 30% of the population of the City of Manouse in a matter of weeks. Plague also affects the nearby cities of Manuuwame and Tosnha-Manise with losses of almost 20% in each. This catastrophe leads to the collapse of the central PEC administration, leaving settlements across the area to fend for themselves.
741: The southern PEC administration formally announces the establishment of the State of Penin-Swaath'he.
750: Factional fighting breaks out in the northern PEC territories. This fighting is terrible, with many deaths on all sides, and leads within two orbits to the collapse of the administration, again leaving settlements and plantations to fend for themselves.
755: Crop plagues in the Nausuu Shenguun lead to successive crop failures and the abandonment of all of the Penin-Swaath'he controlled settlements in the valley.
761: Settlements across the islands forming the archipilago of Yaabluush Paragamizhuush agree to establish the Land of Paragame. As these isles were the staging post for the colonisation of much of northern Penin, this is seen by the Pentuuk Society as a particularly symbolic event – the start of the end of the period that Pentuuk historians now call the "Century of Horrors".
766: The Cities of Fasine and Zhivanhe agree a treaty to establish the Land of Nambizye
770: The Cities of Geldange and E'horhe, together with surrounding settlements, together agree a support pact that establishes the Land of Horhe
790: In a surprisingly peaceful process, the Sidine Plantation secedes from the Land of Gelpe to form the new Land of Gra'he
792: Settlements and plantations north of the Pisyuu Zhivizhuu come together to form the Land of Ofale
830s: Pioneers from Gane Plantation begin the task of repopulating the abandoned settlements in Nausuu Shenguun. Together, they form the Land of Shengi in 837.
849: Pintok Ombas, founder of a fundamentalist dualistic religious sect, dies in his bed at the age of 62 in the city of Manouse. His last commandment to his followers is to "cleanse the world of corruption; remove the doubters from the face of the world; worship the god of winds and the goddess of earth with a purging flame." His acolytes – of whom there are many - take him at his word and chaos ensues across the Man Plantation. When the authorities supress them, many 'Bassens' escape upriver to the Ame and Nambe Plantations.
852: Across the Ame Plantation settlers take concerted action against the Bassens refugees and their evangelical activities. Survivors head west to an abandoned settlement in the Zoiznuu Omizhuu foothills, where they survive to this day. Their settlement has become a Land – known as Okange – mainly by default, though the Bassens have never declared themselves to be a Land and have shunned all attempts to bring them back into the wider Pentuuk Society.
860s: The fate of the Bassens refugees who escaped to Nambe Plantation is very different to those who went to Ame. Across the Land of Ofale the Bassens find a receptive audience and by the end of the decade they are a growing force in the politics of the Land
895: Establishment of the settlement of Pintole, which straddles a new trade route north to Aelhpaase.
921: A popular revolt begins in Ofale against the growing influence of the Bassens and the restrictions they try to impose on the wider population – these revolts mark the start of the Ofale Civil War, which lasts – on and off – for 14 orbits.
935: The Treaty of Bazole brings the convoluted and treacherous Ofale Civil War to an end, formally dividing the Land into three new Lands: Ohfalhe (note spelling change) to the west of the Nambizuu-Ciguu rivers; Ombase to the east of the rivers; and Nambe. All agree that the settlement of Pintole, straddling the increasingly important trade route across Zoiznuu Pintolhuu to the Bartekol League north or the mountains, should become a 'free settlement' open to traders from all three Lands